Spain weather year: average weather, temperature, precipitation, when to go
Madrid Weather Records
Madrid, Spain weather averages and records from 1920–2022 based on data made available by the NOAA.
Madrid Weather by Month
Averages based on the years 1991–2020
|Month||Average (°C)||Record (°C)||Average (cm)|
|High ☀️||Low 🌙||High ☀️||Low 🌙||Precipitation 💧|
More Madrid Weather Records
|Highest daily low||26.2 °C||July 14, 2022|
|Lowest daily high||-3. 0 °C||January 16, 1945|
|Greatest daily range
(Difference of high and low)
|21.9 °C||May 11, 1943|
|Difference in high temperature
over two conscutive days
|13.5 °C||May 22–23, 2009|
|Most daily precipitation||8.7 cm||September 21, 1972|
|Most monthly precipitation||19.8 cm||November 1997|
|Most yearly precipitation||74.6 cm||1963|
|Earliest freeze||October 8||1936|
|Latest freeze||April 29||1939|
Madrid Weather Streaks
Most consecutive days…
|With precipitation||19 days||Feb 27 – Mar 17, 2018|
|Without precipitation||106 days||May 20 – Sep 2, 1924|
Madrid Weather by Year
Madrid Average Weather by Day
Madrid Record High by Day
Madrid Record Low by Day
Madrid Average Temperature by Year
Madrid Recent Weather Records
Madrid Records for Today
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Weather Station Details
|1920–2022||Madrid – Buen Retiro Park||location|
Spain and Portugal suffering driest climate for 1,200 years, research shows | Climate crisis
Spain and Portugal are suffering their driest climate for at least 1,200 years, according to research, with severe implications for both food production and tourism.
Most rain on the Iberian peninsula falls in winter as wet, low-pressure systems blow in from the Atlantic. But a high-pressure system off the coast, called the Azores high, can block the wet weather fronts.
The researchers found that winters featuring “extremely large” Azores highs have increased dramatically from one winter in 10 before 1850 to one in four since 1980. These extremes also push the wet weather northwards, making downpours in the northern UK and Scandinavia more likely.
The scientists said the more frequent large Azores highs could only have been caused by the climate crisis, caused by humanity’s carbon emissions.
“The number of extremely large Azores highs in the last 100 years is really unprecedented when you look at the previous 1,000 years,” said Dr Caroline Ummenhofer, at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in the US, and part of the research team.
“That has big implications because an extremely large Azores high means relatively dry conditions for the Iberian peninsula and the Mediterranean,” she said. “We could also conclusively link this increase to anthropogenic emissions.”
The Iberian peninsula has been hit by increasing heatwaves and droughts in recent years and this year May was the hottest on record in Spain. Forest fires that killed dozens of people in the region in 2017 followed a heatwave made 10 times more likely by the climate crisis, while the Tagus River, the longest in the region, is at risk of drying up completely, according to environmentalists.
The new research, published in the journal Nature Geoscience, analysed weather data stretching back to 1850 and computer models replicating the climate back to AD850. It found that, before 1850 and the start of significant human greenhouse gas emissions, extremely large Azores highs occurred once every 10 years on average.
From 1850 to 1980, the frequency was once every seven years, but after 1980 this rose to every four years. Data showed that extremely large Azores highs slash average monthly rainfall in winter by about a third. Further data from chemical analysis of stalagmites in caves in Portugal show that low rainfall correlates closely with large Azores highs.
The computer simulations of the climate of the past millennium cover a period up to 2005. But other studies covering later years are consistent with new findings and the Azores high is expected to continue to expand, further increasing drought on the Iberian peninsula, until global carbon emissions are cut to net zero.
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“[Our findings] have big implications for the water resources that are available for agriculture and other water intensive industries or for tourism,” said Ummenhofer. “It doesn’t bode well.” Spain was the second most popular country for overseas tourists in 2019, hosting 84 million visitors.
Spain also is the world’s biggest producer of olives and a major source of grapes, oranges, tomatoes and other produce. But rainfall has been declining by 5-10mm a year since 1950, with a further 10-20% drop in winter rains anticipated by the end of the century.
Other research has projected a 30% decline in olive production in southern Spain production by 2100 and a fall in grape-growing regions across the Iberian peninsula of 25% to 99% by 2050 due to severe water shortages. Research in 2021 also linked the Azores high to the summer monsoon in India.
Weather in Macael today, weather forecast Macael today, Andalusia, Spain
GISMETEO: Weather in Macael today, weather forecast Macael today, Andalusia, Spain
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At the sensation +11 52
Th for 1 Dec
PT, 2 Dec
+1152 9000.3,000 3.2 mm
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Pressure, mm Hg. hPa
Longitude of the day: 9 h 47 min
Sunrise – 8:04
Sunset – 17:51
Today is 1 minute shorter than yesterday
Moon is waxing, 60% 9002 13:57 (November 30)
Sunset – 1:03
Full Moon – December 8, in 7 days
Geomagnetic activity, Kp-index
Thu, Dec 1, today 9000 Fri 100,3 9 00
ours CMO Ukraine, Kyiv
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The climate of Spain can be considered one of its main natural resources. By the number of sunny days per year, Spain, together with Italy and Greece, shares the first place in Europe. Almost all of Spain is located in the subtropical zone and, in terms of its natural conditions, is generally close to other Mediterranean countries, but at the same time it is also distinguished by significant originality. This is primarily due to the isolation of the Iberian Peninsula from the rest of Europe, the proximity of the African continent, as well as the complex influence of the mountainous terrain and two huge water areas – the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Most of Spain, especially on its east coast, has a typical Mediterranean climate, with dry hot summers, mild rainy winters, early spring and long warm autumns. Rains are most often in the form of short winter showers.
In summer, Spain is dominated by continental air masses coming from the south – from the tropical latitudes of North Africa and from the north – from the highly heated regions of southeastern Europe. The average temperatures of the hottest month (July) reach 18-20°C in the coastal regions of the north and northwest and 26°C on the Mediterranean coast. In southern Spain, up to 200 days a year, the average daily temperature does not fall below 25 °C.
Freshness and coolness in the hot season are brought to the coast by breezes – winds that change direction depending on the time of day. During the day the breezes blow from the sea to the land, and at night from the land to the sea. Breezes are typical mainly for the summer months, less often in spring and autumn, and even less often in winter.
In winter, westerly transfer of air masses occurs, therefore humid sea air from temperate latitudes, which comes along with cyclones from the Atlantic, plays an important role. Average January temperatures range from 8–10 °C in the northern and middle parts to 10–12 °C in the south.
In winter, the Mediterranean experiences the burning breath of sirocco (drifts of dry tropical air from the deserts of North Africa and Arabia, sometimes with a huge amount of dust and sand). The relative humidity brought by such winds is very low – only 5–8%, and sometimes even 2%. If the sirocco is blowing, there is almost always a dusty haze in the air, it appears yellowish during the day, and brown-red at sunrise and sunset. Passing over the sea, the sirocco is saturated with moisture, so a warm and humid wind blows in the northeastern part of the Spanish Mediterranean – bolhorno. Such a wind brings cloudy weather with drizzling rain, and sometimes it blows with a cloudless sky, and in both cases it is very stuffy. Bolkhorno has a depressing effect on people and animals and is considered one of the most unpleasant weather phenomena. Dry sirocco, despite the high temperature, is relatively easy to tolerate.
According to the amount and distribution of precipitation, the entire territory of the country is usually divided into “wet” Spain (north and northwest) and “dry” (central, southern and eastern regions). Precipitation in “wet” Spain (up to 900 mm per year) falls fairly evenly throughout the year, their number only slightly decreases in summer.