Spanish east coast maps: Map of east coast of Spain – Detailed map of east coast of Spain (Southern Europe
Maps Of Spain, Spanish Cities, Spanish Provinces, Spanish Communities
This section gives you some general information about Spain: the country, the people, the language, the religion, etc. Spain: The Country Spain, officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de España), is a country and member state of the European Union. Spain is a free and democratic country.
Spain is located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian peninsula.
Spain: Metropolitan Cities In terms of population size:
1. Madrid in Madrid region: 3.182.981 citizens
2. Barcelona in Catalonia region: 1.620.809 citizens
3. Valencia in Valencian Community: 787.868 citizens
4. Sevilla in Andalusia region: 689.434 citizens
5. Zaragoza in Aragon region: 664.938 citizens
6. Malaga in Andalusia region: 569 002 citizens
7. Murcia in Murcia region: 443.243 citizens
8. Palma in Balearic Islands region: 406. 492 citizens
9. Las Palmas in Canarias region: 377.650 citizens
10. Bilbao in Basque country: 345.110 citizens
Spain peoples & regional identities: Spain’s identity consists more of an overlap of different regional identities than of a sole Spanish identity. Distinct traditional regional identities within Spain include the Balearics, Basques, Castilians, Catalans, Galicians and Valencians, among others.
Balearics: This autonomous community stay on the Balearic islands (Islas Baleares) consisting of Mallorca, Menorca, Ibiza and Formentera. They speak Catalan and Spanish.
Basques: The Basques (Vascos) are an ethnic group that lives in the Basque Country. Important cities include Bilbao (in Biscay), San Sebastian (in Gipuzkoa) and Vitoria-Gasteiz (in Alava). The Basque people speak Basque and Spanish.
Castilians: They live mainly in Castile-La Mancha, Madrid, and the major part of Castile and Leon. They speak Castilian (castellano). Outside Spain, Castilian is usually referred as Spanish, alongside espagnol.
Catalans: The vast majority of Catalans reside in the autonomous community of Catalonia, one of the richest and most well-developed regions in Southern Europe. The Catalans are known for their pragmatic attitude towards life. Catalan language has common features with French and Portuguese.
Galicians: The Galicians are an ethnic group, a nationality whose historical homeland is Galicia, which is located in the north-west of Spain. Galicians have a rich cultural heritage that is shared by their neighbors from Portugal. Most Galicians are bilingual, speaking both their historic language, Galician, as well as Castilian.
Valencians: The Valencians are an ethnic group or nationality whose homeland is the Valencian Community (Comunidad Valenciana), a historical and lovely region in eastern Spain close to Mediterranean Sea. Comunidad Valenciana is divided into 3 provinces: Alicante, Valencia and Castellon.
Spain Demographics Spain has a population of 46 million people (2016 census). The most populated areas lie mainly around the coast.
Spain language: Spanish, or Castillian, is the official language nationwide. It is also referred to as español, or castellano.
Other official regional languages: the Basque of the north (Basquet Country), the Galician of the northwest (Galicia), and the Catalan of the extreme northeast (Catalonia) all speak their own languages.
Dialects include Valencian (Catalan dialect or geographic variety) Andalusian, Murcian, Aragonnese, Navarrese, and a Canary Islands Spanish.
Spanish is classified as a member of the Indo-European linguistic group: it is a romance language.
Worldwide, Spanish is one of the most commonly spoken languages, with an estimated 350 million speakers.
Spain religion: Spain has no official religion although most are Catholic. Spaniards observe many Catholic holidays and rituals. Besides the elaborate Semana Santa (Holy Week) processionals during the week that precedes Easter in many cities, there is a famous pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela. Santiago is Spanish for “St James” and the apostle’s tomb is believed to be located under the church. During the Middle Ages, the relics made Santiago de Compostela the most important city of pilgrimage after Jerusalem and Rome.
Catalonia Maps, History and Culture
Interactive Map of Catalonia, Spain
UNESCO World Heritage Sites In Spain
UNESCO World Heritage Sites In Spain
Catalonia Map Links:
- 1706 Plan of the City of Barcelona
- 1720 map of the Principality of Catalonia
- 1730 map of Barcelona
- 1789 to 1815, map of the siege of Girona
- 1908 map of Barcelona with no underground rail tunnels and the tramlines
- Aragon and Catalonia 1606
- Barcelona 1895
- Barcelona’s interior reform plan 1884
- Catalonia 1850
- Catalonia 1862
- Catalonia between 1640 and 1662
- Detailed map of Barcelona and its Sewerage 1891
- Engraving representing the French siege on Palamos between 1 and 10 June 1694
- French engraving representing the battle of the Ter won by the French army led by Marshal Duke of Noailles against the Spanish army led by the Duke of Escalona 1964
- Historical map of Vilassar from 1777
- Lerida 1730
- Barcelona 1732
- Barcelona 1806
- Barcelona 1882
- Barcelona 1920
- Barcelona and its surroundings in 1890
- Barcelona besieged by sea and land by the Duke of Populi with the Army of Castile, and the Duke of Vervich with that of France in 1714
- Barcelona in 1890
- Barcelona where the royal army camp is marked, blockading it since July 28, 1713
- Barcelona 1640
- Barcelona 1706
- Catalonia 1608
- Catalonia 1843
- Catalonia divided into the four provinces of Barcelona, Girona, Lleida and Tarragona 1837
- Catalonia divided into the provinces of Barcelona, Girona, Tarragona and Lleida 1859
- Catalonia divided into veguerías 1694
- Map of Catalonia
- Ciutat Vella (Barcelona) 1891
- Land use in Catalonia, data from 2002
- Roads and paths of Catalonia 1921
- Tarragon 1915
- Tarragona (Catalonia) around 1643
- Tarragona 1906
- City and Port of Barcelona 1730
- City and the attacks of Barcelona, 1697
- City of Barcelona from 1862
- Headquarters of the city of Barcelona 1698
- Historic territory of Catalonia
- Municipality of Castelló d’Empuries in the XVIII century
- Principality of Catalonia from 1696
- Principality of Catalonia from around 1696
- Siege of Barcelona, 1706
- Map Sort 1900
- Military map of the arrival of Joan of Austria_s troops in Barcelona in 1652
- New geographical description of the principality of Catalonia 1769
- Original plans of the streets of Barcelona and the first project of the citadel 1715
- Plan of Barcelona divided into districts and neighborhoods approved in session on October 31, 1878
- Plan of Barcelona in 1706
- Plan of the attacks made at the camp in front of Barcelona, this 10th August 1714
- Principality of Catalonia and County of Roussillon 1677
- Satellite image of Catalonia
- Siege of Barcelona in 1697
- Siege of Lérida 1810
- Siege of Roses 1645
- Siege of Roses, 1808, map of operations
- Situation and detail map of the three main routes A, B and C – Barcelona, 1907
- Tarragona 1901
- Urban extension of the city of Mataró, in 1957
Located on the far eastern coast of Spain that borders the Mediterranean Sea is Catalonia. The Catalonia map contains the popular coastal city of Barcelona, which is located at an almost perfect halfway point along the length of the region’s coast.
Barcelona is the second-most populated city in all of Spain, second to the capital city of Madrid. Catalonia borders France to the north, Aragon to the west, Valencia to the south, and the Mediterranean Sea to the east.
The entire Catalonia map covers a total area of approximately 12,000 square miles, making it the sixth most populated region in Spain.
- Population: 7.5 million
- Languages: Spanish, Catalan
- Ethnicities: Catalans
- Capital: Barcelona
The History of Catalonia
Before the Romans invaded, the Mediterranean side of Spain was established by the Iberians. Iberians were indigenous people whom the Romans came to call Hispani after naming the Iberian Peninsula Hispania around 6th Century BC. When the Romans conquered the territory during this time period, they quickly colonized the city of Tarragona, making it one of the most important cities in Roman Hispania.
The Romans built roads, aqueducts, and a strong agricultural economy. Not only did the Romans harvest crops to sell, but they built the roads that made trade possible. During this time, the region converted to Roman Catholic Christianity.
The Roman Empire fell in 476 AD, which led to the Visigoths conquering the region and establishing the Visigoth Kingdom. The Visigoths were a Germanic tribe that lived in the region until the Muslim Invasion during the 700s.
Muslims from the Arabian Peninsula moved westward after the death of the Prophet Mohammed. During this time, Muslims invaded territories and claimed them as their own, pushing Christians into the mountains of Northern Spain. The Muslims were unable to conquer the mountainous regions of Northern Spain, so this gave Christians a refuge while the Muslims ruled.
In 801, the Frankish Empire, an empire of Germanic people, regained control of the region from the Muslims. During this time, the region was divided into counties that banded together to become heavily militarized.
By 1137, the counties of Catalonia, including the County of Barcelona, had unified with the Kingdom of Aragon and became a principality of the Crown of Aragon. The Kingdom of Aragon benefited greatly from unifying with Catalonia, as the Mediterranean coastline allowed Aragon to set up a base for its marine fleet. This led to Barcelona becoming a wealthy and populated city that still exists today.
During the early modern era in 1462, the Catalan Civil War began. The Catalan Civil War was caused by political division between supporters of John II of Aragon and the Catalan constitutionalists.
John II of Aragon supporters royal influence in Catalonia through the Kingdom of Aragon, while Catalan constitutionalists wanted to end the royal influence that Aragon had in the area. The war lasted for ten years, with John II of Aragon being victorious and establishing the status quo in the area.
The modern era of Ferdinand and Isabella’s marriage was the beginning of Spain becoming a unified country. Ferdinand was from Aragon while Isabella was from Castile. Until now, Aragon and Castile had maintained distance and not entered into any form of a union; however, the marriage of Ferdinand and Isabella caused the two territories to unify, which paved the way for Spain to be formed. By 1516, King Charles I of Spain became the first king to rule over both Aragon and Castile.
The War of the Spanish Succession began in 1701 when King Charles II of Spain died in 1701 without birthing an heir to the throne. The closest relative to the throne was Philip V of the French House of Bourbon, as Philip V was Charles’ half-sister’s grandson. Because Philip V was from the French House of Bourbon, there was much disapproval of this line of succession. Therefore, the War of the Spanish Succession began.
The war ended when Philip V gave up his rights to the throne in France to remain the King of Spain by establishing the Salic Law of Succession in Spain. The Salic Law of Succession states that only patriarchal lineage is allowed to fulfill the throne. If no patriarchal lineage is present, the crown can then be passed to the matriarchal descendent.
During the 1800s, Catalans supported a unified and federal Spain. Catalan had been influenced by the French for decades and supported the First Spanish Republic. Unfortunately, the Spanish Republic was unsuccessful in separating ties with France, to which Catalans used as a driving force for becoming unified with Spain and distant from France.
In 1914, four Catalan provinces joined forces to create the Commonwealth of Catalonia. The Commonwealth was the beginning of Catalonia becoming an autonomous territory, but it was short-lived. In 1925, Spanish dictator and Prime Minister, Primo de Rivera, abolished the Commonwealth, leaving the territory in an economic recession.
During the Second Spanish Republic in 1936, Catalonia gained strength once more. Catalonia finally received its first Statute of Autonomy, which granted the territory with autonomy, a parliament, a government, a court of appeals, and a president. General Francisco Franco died in 1975, which led Catalonia to vote to adopt the Spanish Constitution of 1978, which gave Catalonia official autonomy in 1979.
Spanish and Catalan are the two most spoken languages in the region. Spanish, which is a Castilian dialect known throughout the Iberian Peninsula, is the type of Spanish that is spoken and taught throughout the country. Spanish is spoken by approximately 46% of the population in Catalonia.
Catalan is the second most spoken language in the region. Catalan is spoken by approximately 37% of the population in Catalonia. Catalan was derived from the Romans, who landed in the western region of the Iberian Peninsula.
Today, a combination of both Spanish and Catalan is commonly spoken among those living in the region.
Roman Catholicism is the primary religion of the region. Roman Catholicism began in the region when the Romans entered and began converting the Iberians to Christianity. From a brief time during the Muslim Invasion, Islam was prevalent in the area; however, during the Christian Reconquest, Roman Catholics were able to take back the area and reestablish Christianity, resulting in the current practice of Christianity throughout the region today.
The Catalonia map will show miles of coastline, low-lying mountain ranges, and rich river basins all inside the region. The vast geography allows Catalonia to thrive in many different industries and environments.
The coastal cities give Catalonia a front seat to a prosperous tourist industry. The mountains act as a barrier to help separate the industrial and coastline towns to the south from the rural farming town to the north.
The climate throughout the rural areas of the region helps different types of crops blossom, including grapes, rice, potatoes, and olives. This has allowed Catalonia to be successful in both agriculture as well as industry.
Barcelona gives Spain much of its cultural notoriety today. There are many Gothic buildings, churches, and venues throughout the city. Barcelona focuses on the region of Catalonia by flying Catalonia flags and speaking the Catalan language. Barcelona hosted the 1992 Summer Olympic Games, which helped the city expand into the cultural tourist town it is today.
Immigration & Migration Patterns
Catalonia did not experience immigration the way other Spanish autonomous regions did. One of the ways Catalonia kept emigrants from leaving the region is accredited to its quick rebound in the economy after the Spanish Civil War.
Where other regions were left in financial ruin and forced citizens to find other opportunities outside of their native region, Catalonia did the opposite. Catalonia became the second-fastest growing economy in all of Spain, dubbing it the title Spanish Miracle. This allowed Catalans to remain in their native region without emigrating to find better opportunities.
On the flip side, this success caused many immigrants to move to Catalonia. During this time, French, Italian, and other Spanish immigrants moved to Catalonia to take advantage of the many available opportunities.
Catalan genealogy is centralized in eastern Spain. Because of the influx of immigrants into the area during the 1950s and 1960s, the genealogy patterns of Catalans will likely begin to include neighboring French, Italian, and other Spanish ethnicities.
Like other regions in Spain, it would not be uncommon for the Catalan genealogy to be found in the southern United States, Central, and South America, and various Caribbean countries; however, Catalonia was one of the most successful regions in Spain after the Spanish Civil War.
Therefore, Catalonia did not experience the record number of emigrants leaving the region the way other regions did.
Torrevieja, Spain – City Guide
A small town on the east coast of Spain, the province of Alicante, the Costa Blanca resort area, the Mediterranean Sea – beautiful Torrevieja is hidden behind all these geographical landmarks. This resort is called the “Russian capital” of Spain, but citizens of other countries also come here with great pleasure. No wonder, because Torrevieja is not only snow-white beaches and gentle sea. It is also picturesque nature, a variety of entertainment, delicious cuisine and sunny weather almost all year round. nine0003
Map of Torrevieja
Population of Torrevieja
According to official figures, the population of Torrevieja is just over 83 thousand people. However, unofficially voiced figures are 3.5 times higher – up to 270 thousand people. Another feature of the resort is multinationality. The Center for Statistics of the City Hall of Torrevieja reports that citizens of 120 countries live in the resort. Great Britain is the most represented – 12.6 thousand people. There are about 3.7 thousand representatives of Germany in Torrevieja, Morocco – 3 thousand, Sweden – 2.7 thousand, Colombia – 2.5 thousand. In percentage terms, the population of the resort looks like this: Spaniards – 46.4%, foreigners – 53.6%.
The main reason why most tourists come to Torrevieja is, of course, the sea. nine0003
Brief history of Torrevieja
About 200 years ago, on the site of a modern resort, there was a small fishing settlement, in the center of which there was a stone tower. It was from her that the name Torrevieja came from, since in Spanish the “old tower” sounds like Torre Vieja.
In 1802, by decision of King Carlos IV, the office of the La Mata company moved to Torrevieja to develop salt mining in the region. It was the salt mines that caused the rapid development of the village and the growth of its popularity on the world stage. Within a few years, Torrevieja turned into a port city that exported salt and agricultural products. nine0003
In 1820, Torrevieja became an independent administrative unit, separating from Orihuela. However, in 1829, after an earthquake, the city was almost completely destroyed. The famous tower did not survive either, on the site of which the inhabitants built a new fortification on their own.
Torrevieja received the status of the city only in 1931 by the grace of King Alfonso XIII of Spain.
Today this resort is considered one of the most international, as citizens of many countries move here for permanent residence. nine0003
Budget of the trip
Before the trip it is necessary to calculate the approximate budget, which will be needed for travel:
Average check in
|from 41 €/night||from 45 €/night||Landing – 3. 01 €, 1km – 1.35 €||1.27 €/liter||30 € for two|
The best time to travel to Torrevieja
In terms of climate, the Spanish resort can be called an ideal place. This is facilitated by a favorable geographical position – mountains and a salt lake. Locals say that there are only two seasons in Torrevieja – spring and summer. Even in winter, the air temperature here is kept within +13 ° C, and it rarely rains for more than two days. The sun shines in the resort 320 days a year, and in summer the air warms up to +30 °C.
It is worth coming to Torrevieja not only for a beach holiday, but also for visiting local holidays, which are very colorful here. The most interesting for travelers are: Holy Week (the last week before Easter), the May Fair, the feast of the Virgin of Carmen (in July), the habaneras song festival (in August).
Every Friday in Torrevieja there is a market, which is called Friday, farmer’s or street market. He works from 8 am to noon. A huge selection of goods (clothing, souvenirs, food), the possibility of tasting, low prices – it is very popular. If you come here closer to closing, you can count on a price reduction of almost 2 times. nine0003
The currency in Torrevieja is the euro, payment in dollars is not made. It is not profitable to exchange money, even if you do it at the best rate. Therefore, before the trip, it is worth buying euros in advance or putting money on the card and withdrawing the necessary amount directly during the rest.
The most popular supermarket chain in Torrevieja is Mercadona. There is a good selection and affordable prices. In Carrefour stores, the choice is better, but the prices are noticeably higher. The biggest price tag is in the El Corte Ingles chain. To save money, you can look into Masymas, Eroski, Dia, Dialprix or Alcampo supermarkets. nine0003
During the daytime, siesta begins throughout the city. Almost everything is closed, with the exception of some shops and cafes. As a rule, the siesta lasts from 13.30-14.00 to 16.30-17.00, in the summer months it can be extended until 18.00.
What a tourist needs to do in Torrevieja
- Find the perfect beach. It will not be so easy to do this, because all the beaches in Torrevieja are marked with the Blue Flag. Fine sand, clear water, cozy bays – the benefits for vacationers are obvious. Some of them have unusual names, such as Priest’s Beach or Crazy Beach. nine0105
- Enjoy the beauty of the La Mata National Park, which is located in the vicinity of Torrevieja. Picturesque nature, unique salty swampy soil, rich flora and fauna, well-maintained recreation areas for adults and children – there are more than enough reasons to come here. Entrance to the territory is free, you can book a tour or rent a bike.
- Spend a day at the Salinas de Torrevieja lake. The water in it is salty, and its color in the rays of sunset acquires a beautiful pink hue. It is believed that the water and mud of the lake have a healing effect, reminiscent of the properties of the Dead Sea in Israel. In addition, it is here that the largest salt mining center in Europe is located. nine0105
- Go for a ride on a tourist train. This is a great opportunity to admire the city and see all the most beautiful streets in a short time. Every 40 minutes, a train leaves from Paseo de la Libertad and takes tourists to Torre del Morro.
- Relax actively in the huge amusement park Lo Rufete, which is located in the area of San Miguel de Salinas. On its territory there are collected active types of recreation that are suitable for both children and adults. Visitors can rent an ATV or take a horse riding lesson, learn archery or play paintball, visit the zoo or have a picnic, ride an electric car or take a walk – we guarantee that you will not be bored. nine0105
- Arrange a tour of museums. Torrevieja is famous for its rich museum expositions, many of which can be viewed for free. When planning an educational program, you should pay attention to museums – salt and the sea, natural history, printing, as well as the Habanera Ricardo La Fuente Museum (a musician who revived the traditional singing of sailors). In addition, there are ship museums in Torrevieja: a submarine, a customs ship and a sailboat.
Hotels in Torrevieja
All hotels in Torrevieja
6 to 7 HOURS
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[Map of the bay and coast of New Spain: from the Panuco River to Cape Santa Elena …]. nine0001 [Map of the bay and coast of New Spain: from the Panuco River to Cape Santa Elena…].
Admiralty Chart No 3922 Stampalia Island, Published 1944
Zemí lidí, zvířat a bohů I. str.184-185
Découverte de la Terre 016
537 of ‘Grundzüge der physischen Erdkunde … Mit .. 20 Karten in Farbendruck’ (11168989876)
1877 map – Stannard & Son’s perspective view of European and Asiatic Turkey, Russia, Austria and Persia
Relatively shown clearly. Shoots along the coast from the busy Cape Fear River in the United States North Carolina, the location of Indian settlements, and lakes and rivers in the region to the Panuco River in Mexico; the interior is as far north as the Tennessee River. Also available from the Library of Congress website as a bitmap. Copy. [Seville: Archivo General de Indias, 1977?] 1 map; 18 x 23 cm. Photograph of a map without name, title or date. Arch original. de las Ind. Seville. Title from P. Torres Lembergs’ book “Relación descriptiva de los mapas, planos & c. de México y Festival das… 1900, no. 1. Includes annotations in black ink and pencil.
Ancient maps, before 1600
Maps, atlases and manuscripts from the 1600s
Maps from the 16th century
Geographical discoveries and new printing technologies have led to maps that can be fraudulently produced. Because the globe remains the only accurate way to represent a spherical earth, any flat image results in distorted representations. In 1569Mercator published a map of the world specifically designed to help the poor. It used a prosthesis now known as Mercator, though few had used it before him, based on a system of secularism and loneliness dating back to Hipparchus. Mercator’s prototypes expanded their territories considerably as they moved away from the equator. Rejecting Mercator’s protectionism benefits everyone, as Mercator has a corresponding scale for loneliness and laziness in each section of the map. The compass heading can be plotted at the same angle on any part of the Mercator chart. As a result, nautical charts still use this argument. By the time of his death in 159In 5, Mercator either published or prepared extensive maps of France, Germany, Italy, the Balkans, and the British Isles, intended to be bound into three-dimensional form. Mercator’s son publishes a whole series called “Atlas”: “Atlas sive Cosmographicae Meditationes”. The title becomes the word for the map volume.
Collection – Ancient maps, before 1600
Ancient maps from the Library of Congress
Collection – 16th century maps
XVI centuries from various sources
Southern Project North Prox
mapa del golfo and costa
DesDe EL Rio
Panuco Hasta El Cabo
Spanies OF renaissance
early work before 1800
Louisiana European exploration and Louisiana purchase
discovery and exploration 9Ol000
Santa Cruz, Alonso de, 1505-1567.