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Uk spain time difference: The World Clock – Time Zone Converter

Опубликовано: January 5, 2023 в 11:14 pm


Категории: Miscellaneous

USA and Spain Time Zones Map live

Spain time zones map

Spain standard time zones +inf
Western Europe 0 Central Europe +1
Time Zone Time Zone

The United States spans 9 time zones, with 4 main time zones, Pacific / Mountain / Central / Eastern.
More info. | You can see US larger map

Spain uses 2 time zones : The peninsula and the Balearic Islands with UTC +1 / UTC +2 in summer, and the Canary Islands with UTC 0 / UTC +1 in summer. More info

US Daylight Saving Time 2022

On Sunday, November 6, the United States turned the clock back one hour, at 2:00 a. m. it was 1:00 a.m. More info

Spain Daylight Saving Time 2022

On Sunday October 30Spain* turned the clock back one hour, at 3:00 a.m. it was 2:00 a.m. More info

With the US returning to standard time on Sunday, November 6, 2022, New York, USA will be 6 hours behind Madrid, Spain.


Time difference between some US states vs Spain

*2 time zones *Time change exception Capital Most populous city Capital of the country

US time zones with current time – map

US time zones24 hour clock format

Central time zone Eastern time zone
Current Central Time Current Eastern Time
Chicago (Illinois) New York
US Central Time Zone US Eastern Time Z.
CST = standard -6h
CDT = daylight -5h
EST = standard -5h
EDT = daylight -4h
*Central US states with 2 time zones *Eastern US states with 2 time zones

2 US time zones – not contiguous –

3 US dependencies, no DST

The US spans 4 main time zones, from west to east: Pacific Time – Mountain Time – Central Time – Eastern Time.
2 non-contiguous time zones: Alaska Time and Hawaii Islands Time, and 3 US dependencies which none of them use daylight saving time.
* There are 2 more time zones corresponding to US Minor Outlying Islands. more info on wiki
The letters S (standard) and D (daylight), are the acronyms that show the current period of the time zone.
For example, PST Pacific standard time / PDT Pacific daylight time, plus the symbols that appear next to the clock time

The United States observes daylight saving time in almost all States, except for most of Arizona UTC -7h, and the Hawaiian Islands UTC-10h, which maintains the same time zone throughout the year.

Daylight saving time in US begins on the second Sunday in March, at 2:00 a.m., moving the clock forward 1 hour and returning to winter or standard time on the first Sunday in November, at 2:00 a.m., turning the clock back 1 hour. US map.

USA daylight saving time 2022
Starts + 1h Ends – 1h
March-13 Sun.
2:00 → 3:00
Nov.-6 Sun.
2:00 → 1:00
2nd Sunday in March, at 2:00 a.m., US turns the clock forward 1 hour 1st Sunday in November, at 2:00 a.m., US turned the clock back 1 hour
Pacific Time / Mountain Time / Central Time / Eastern Time

Spain Time Zones

Spain observe 2 time zones:
The Iberian Peninsula Spain together with the Balearic Islands, observe the time zone CET/CEST Central European (Summer) Time, UTC +1 in winter time and UTC +2 in summer time.

2) The Canary Islands observe 1 hour lest than respect to Spain, observing the time zone WET/WEST Western European (Summer) Time UTC 0h in winter time and UTC +1 in summer time.

2 time zones in Spain – 24 hour clock format

The letters S (summer) is the acronym that indicates that Europe is currently in the summer period.
For ex. CET Central European Time (standard or winter), and CEST Central European Summer time.

Daylight Saving Time Spain 2022
Starts + 1h Ends – 1h
March-27 Sun.
2:00 → 3:00
October-30 Sun.
3:00 → 2:00
CEST +2h daylight CET +1h standard
Daylight Saving Time Canary Islands 2022
Starts + 1h Ends – 1h
March-27 Sun.
1:00 → 2:00
October-30 Sun.
2:00 → 1:00
WEST +1h daylight WET 0h standard

Clocks symbols:

Daylight Saving Time. UTC standard time, or winter time. No Daylight Saving Time throughout the year. 24 hour clock format

Clocks and symbols (daylight saving – winter) are updated in real time as the time changes in different US time zones.

Time zones of continents and countries

Benalmadena, Spain to Cambuslang, United Kingdom

Benalmadena, Spain to Cambuslang, United Kingdom – Savvy Time

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United Kingdom

CET (Central European Time) is 1 hour ahead of GMT (Greenwich Mean Time)
5:00 am05:00 in Benalmadena, Spain is 4:00 am04:00 in Cambuslang, United Kingdom

Benalmadena to Cambuslang call time
Best time for a conference call or a meeting is between 9am-6pm in Benalmadena which corresponds to 8am-5pm in Cambuslang

5:00 am05:00 CET (Central European Time) (Benalmadena, Spain). Offset UTC +1:00 hour
4:00 am04:00 GMT (Greenwich Mean Time) (Cambuslang, United Kingdom). Offset UTC 0:00 hours

5:00 am05:00 Benalmadena, Spain / 4:00 am04:00 Cambuslang, United Kingdom

Benalmadena, Spain Cambuslang, United Kingdom
12am (midnight) 11pm
1am 12am (midnight)
2am 1am
3am 2am
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11am 10am
12pm (noon) 11am
1pm 12pm (noon)
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0:00 23:00
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Time Zone
Benalmadena Facts

International Dialing Code


Time Zone
Cambuslang Facts

International Dialing Code


Rock of two masters – Mir – Kommersant

98. 97% versus 1.03% – this was the result of the referendum, which some considered a manifestation of the will of the people, while others considered it an illegal act and violated UN resolutions. We are talking about the vote held in Gibraltar on November 7, 2002 on its future status, as well as on the inhabitants of this British Overseas Territory and the Spanish authorities, respectively. The Gibraltarians categorically rejected the idea of ​​a joint British-Spanish administration of their homeland. It has not been possible to reach a compromise with Madrid over the past 20 years, and, moreover, the situation has been noticeably complicated by Brexit, which was opposed by the vast majority of Gibraltarians in 2016. Now the EU and London are actively working on an agreement that will clarify the technical aspects of the existence and functioning of Gibraltar in a post-Brexit reality. But Madrid does not hide the fact that this document will not be able to provide answers to all questions. And chief among them, according to the Spanish authorities: when will the “decolonization of Gibraltar” finally happen?

Photo: Reuters

Photo: Reuters

“Deprive Spain of hope”

It is not uncommon for such overwhelming results in elections and referendums to provoke talk about how fair and transparent the vote was. But in the case of the Gibraltar referendum, the 20th anniversary of which the inhabitants of the British Overseas Territory are celebrating these days, there is no doubt: all sociological studies pointed to such a result in advance. And in general, everything became clear after the demonstration on March 18, 2002 against changing the status of Gibraltar: about 20 thousand people, that is, about two thirds of the inhabitants of the latter, took to the streets with the flags of Great Britain and its overseas territory. “Today Gibraltar Vote No” was the headline on the front page of the Gibraltar Chronicle on the morning of November 7th.

Demonstration against changing the status of Gibraltar, 2002

Photo: Anton Meres / Reuters

Demonstration against changing the status of Gibraltar, 2002

Photo: Anton Meres / Reuters

The referendum asked one question of the bragi. The wording was as follows: “On July 12, 2002, the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Great Britain. – “Kommersant” ) Jack Straw, speaking in the House of Commons, said that after 12 months of negotiations, the British government and Spain came to an agreement on many principles that should underpin a long-term settlement of Spanish sovereignty claims, including the principle that Britain and Spain should share sovereignty over Gibraltar. Do you approve of the principle that Britain and Spain should share sovereignty over Gibraltar?”

17,900 people answered “no” and only 187 answered “yes”. 89 forms were blank or incorrectly completed.

Thus, the result was stunning: 98. 97% versus 1.03%. The turnout was 87.9%.

Observers headed by the then British MP Gerald Kaufman followed the voting. The report stated that the guests were “extremely impressed with the way the referendum was organized”, and that the requirements for the procedure for counting votes were generally stricter than those in the United Kingdom.

In a referendum in 2002, 99% voted against the UK plan to introduce joint Anglo-Spanish government Reuters

Nevertheless, there were also critics of the will, and they all ended up in Spain. So, Ana Palacio, who served as head of the Spanish Foreign Ministry, said on the air of the Onda Cero radio station: “This simply does not stand up to criticism, has no legal consequences and contradicts all UN resolutions without exception.” In particular, in Madrid they like to refer to UN General Assembly Resolution 1514 (as well as other similar non-binding documents), where in 1960, it was pointed out “the need to immediately and unconditionally put an end to colonialism in all its forms and manifestations.

Gibraltarians in line to vote during the referendum, 2002

Photo: Paul Hanna / Reuters

Residents of Gibraltar in line to the polls during the referendum, 2002

Photo: Paul Hanna0 / Reuters 9002 Rajoy, who served as deputy prime minister in 2002 (and led the Spanish government from 2011-2018), also spoke at length about the nullity of the vote from a legal point of view. And he drew attention to the fact that in Gibraltar there was a campaign only against the agreement, but supporters of a different point of view were allegedly silenced. “Deprive Spain of hope, choose no” – such posters were often seen in Gibraltar before the vote, but it was almost impossible to find agitation for a change in the status quo.

Although, after the vote, one of the Gibraltar magazines came out with a photo of 51-year-old plumber Manuel Sanchez and the article “The first person to vote yes” on the front page.

“Fellow Gibraltarians, today we have sent a clear message to the whole world. First, that this is our homeland. Secondly, that we are a people with political rights that we will not give up. And thirdly, that these rights include the right to freely dispose of one’s own future, and we, of course, will not give up this,” Peter Caruana, then head of the government of Gibraltar, addressed the participants in the referendum. However, this determination still did not force Madrid to abandon attempts to change the status quo on the Gibraltar issue.

Eccentric Referendum

View of the Rock of Gibraltar from La Linea, Spain

Photo: Javier Fergo / AP

View of the Rock of Gibraltar from La Linea, Spain

Photo: Javier Fergo / AP

. km in the very south of the Iberian Peninsula for more than 300 years has been a stumbling block in the relationship between two European countries – Great Britain and Spain.

Gibraltar has been run by many over the long history. On this peninsula, the Phoenicians and Carthaginians set up their ships. Then Gibraltar was in the possession of the Roman Empire. In the 5th century A.D. e. the lands passed to the Germanic tribes – the Vandals and the Goths. In 711, the conquest of the Iberian Peninsula by the Moors began, from which the Rock was eventually liberated in 1462.

The War of the Spanish Succession at the beginning of the 18th century, which ended in 1713 with the signing of the Peace of Utrecht, became decisive. Gibraltar was transferred to Britain, and most of the population of the territory left it, settling in nearby Spanish lands. The Spaniards have not forgotten about this. So, in October, the Permanent Representative of Spain to the UN, Agustin Santos Maraver, recalled at one of the meetings that the original population of Gibraltar was expelled by the military, and the territories were inhabited by “settlers”. According to the treaty of 1713, Britain has the perpetual right to use Gibraltar. However, the document stipulates that if the British suddenly decide to give up possession, they will be obliged to offer this territory to the Spaniards.

Disputes between Spain and the UK either subside or flare up with renewed vigor. In 1967, a popular referendum was held on the fate of Gibraltar. 99.2% of the inhabitants of the peninsula (with a turnout of 95.8%) were in favor of remaining subjects of Elizabeth II. The referendum day, 10 September, is now Gibraltar’s national holiday.

Previous photo

Gibraltar on the eve of the referendum vote, 1967

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Gibraltar on the eve of the referendum vote, 1967

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Gibraltar on the eve of the referendum vote, 1967

A photo:

Gibraltar on the eve of the referendum vote, 1967

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In response to that plebiscite, Francoist Spain immediately tightened the border control regime, and in 1969 introduced a complete blockade. The decision, which divided many families, severely affected the economy and formed a national identity among Gibraltarians, was reversed only a few years after the death of dictator Francisco Franco. At 19In 82, Spain opened the border with Gibraltar, and then signed a Declaration of Understanding with the UK. But she did not give up her claims.

The next referendum – in 2002 – was the result of negotiations between Madrid and London. The draft agreement was based on four principles: respect for the traditions, customs and way of life of the Gibraltarians, closer cooperation of all players, expanded self-government and joint sovereignty.

Great Britain and Spain, as joint holders of sovereignty, were prepared to share “respective” responsibilities, including “defence, foreign affairs, control of maritime and air space and borders, immigration, asylum””.

However, this point was perhaps the most controversial: Tony Blair’s government wanted to consolidate the principle of long-term joint rule, while the Spanish authorities insisted that this could only be a transitional stage. The ultimate goal of Madrid remained the same – Spanish sovereignty over Gibraltar. At the same time, the Spanish authorities stubbornly rejected the possibility that the agreements would be submitted to the court of the Gibraltarians: it was supposed to be a pact between Britain and Spain only.

But the Gibraltarians were not satisfied with this approach, and they organized a referendum, thereby not only angering Madrid, but also leaving London in some confusion (UK Foreign Secretary Jack Straw called the idea of ​​a referendum “eccentric”). The initiative of the British and Spanish authorities turned out to be stillborn.

The time has passed, and the parties found it necessary to focus on practical issues. In 2004, trilateral negotiations began between the UK, Spain and Gibraltar, and on September 18, 2006, an agreement was signed on four important issues: sharing the Gibraltar airport, facilitating border crossing, paying pensions to Spaniards who worked in the British Overseas Territory, and modernizing Gibraltar telecommunications.

The first ever direct passenger flight from Spain to Gibraltar in 2006 marked a new era for the British colony

Photo: Paul White / AP

Photo: Paul White / AP

The next step in changing the status of the colony was the adoption of a new constitution on November 30, 2006. In the old constitution 19For 69 years, the powers of the government of Gibraltar were determined, and everything that remained outside the scope of the law was under the jurisdiction of Great Britain. The new law turned the situation upside down: the powers of the UK were severely limited. At the same time, the main thing was fixed: the peninsula remains in the possession of the British crown.

In general, the Spanish socialists led by José Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, who led the country in 2004-2011, preferred the tactics of small deeds: to get closer to the authorities of Britain and Gibraltar, solving specific practical issues. The issue began to become politicized again after the victory in the elections of the “People’s Party” (whose history dates back to the politicians of Francoism) and its leader Mariano Rajoy. A month and a half after the populist government came to power, the new Spanish Foreign Minister, Jose Manuel Garcia-Margallo, categorically stated: it will be possible to talk about cooperation between Madrid and London on specific issues related to Gibraltar only after progress has been made “on the fundamental topic – independence ( British colony.- “b” )”. “We will not take part in the negotiations on the independence of Gibraltar until the consent of its inhabitants is obtained,” his then British colleague David Lidington answered the Spaniard with equal categoricality.

Victims of “Brexit”

An already difficult situation was completely confused by “Brexit”. Recall that on June 23, 2016, 51.89% of the participants in the referendum held in the United Kingdom were in favor of leaving the EU. But in Gibraltar, there were only 4.1% of them. 95.9% showed themselves to be supporters of the EU. The inhabitants of the peninsula were well aware that Brexit would hit all major sectors of the economy: tourism, gambling, financial and insurance sectors. Gibraltar is almost completely dependent on imports (primarily from Spain) and foreign labor (from there). Take, for example, the fact that about 15,000 jobs in Gibraltar are occupied by those who live on the other side of the border (of which about 10,000 are Spaniards) and, therefore, regularly cross it.

Immediately after that, the Spanish authorities immediately remembered their initiative to transfer Gibraltar under the joint control of the two countries (of course, with its subsequent transfer to the jurisdiction of the Spanish crown). The then Spanish Foreign Minister, Alfonso Dastis, assured that the government would not agree to the terms of the Brexit deal, which would “infringe on the position and interests” of Madrid on the issue of sovereignty or the conditions for the economic activity of Gibraltar.

The European Union has also entered the game. In 2017, the then President of the European Council, Donald Tusk, presented a roadmap of initiatives and proposals that Brussels was going to defend in negotiations with London. Among other things, it recorded the need for an additional agreement between Spain and the UK on the Gibraltar issue.

Gibraltar National Day is a public holiday celebrated annually on 10 September

Photo: Marcos Moreno / AP

Gibraltar National Day is a public holiday celebrated annually on 10 September

Photo: Marcos Moreno / AP

swiftly. The head of the government of Gibraltar, Fabian Picardo, was categorically against any special rules for this British territory. And he told Reuters: “Mr. Tusk, who regularly draws analogies with divorce, behaves like a cuckold husband who takes revenge on children.” He accused Brussels of trying to “take out his anger” for Brexit, and Madrid of “hooligan behavior. ” Defense Secretary Michael Fallon, in an interview with the BBC, promised to defend the British colony to the end. And the former leader of the Conservative Party, Michael Howard, drew parallels with the situation that had developed on the eve of the war with Argentina over another overseas territory of Britain – the Falkland Islands. The politician recalled that at 19In 82, then-Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher sent warships to the islands to “protect a small group of Britons from another Spanish-speaking country.” And he expressed confidence that Theresa May, as prime minister, if necessary, “will demonstrate the same determination regarding Gibraltar.” The Spanish authorities expressed “surprise” at such statements.

One way or another, despite all the militant rhetoric, it was impossible to do without finding solutions to practical issues (for example, how to avoid a collapse on the border). In November 2018, Madrid and London signed four memorandums that entered into force on February 1, 2020 (that is, the day the transition period for the UK’s exit from the EU began) and were valid until December 31 of the same year. The most significant of the documents guaranteed the preservation of the rights of the inhabitants of Gibraltar and Spain, as well as their protection in accordance with EU law.

Just a day before 2021 (and hence de facto and de jure the UK’s exit from the EU) the Spanish and British authorities reached a preliminary agreement on a post-Brexit Gibraltar.

The negotiators, for example, agreed that this territory would remain part of the Schengen area, with Spain becoming a guarantor country. After that, Madrid asked the European Commission to start negotiations on the Gibraltar problem at the level of the entire European Union. And in October 2021, the leaders of the EU countries gave the European Commission such a right. The aim of the negotiations was the conclusion of a “broad and balanced agreement” taking into account the special geographical position and characteristics of Gibraltar.

Several rounds of negotiations have already taken place since then, and on many issues it seems that agreement has been reached. In any case, at the meeting on October 14, the Foreign Ministers of Spain and Great Britain, José Manuel Albarez and James Cleverly, were full of optimism. And the Gibraltar authorities make it clear that they expect to sign an agreement before the end of the year – even despite all the delays associated with the change of prime ministers in the UK (recall that Boris Johnson headed the government until September 6, then he was replaced by Liz Truss, and on October 25 post passed to Rishi Sunak).

Manuel Albarez (left) and James Cleverly

Photo: James Cleverly’s Twitter page

Manuel Albarez (left) and James Cleverly

Photo: James Cleverly’s Twitter page

too optimistic. “We are discussing very important issues, in particular regarding border control and the future relations of Gibraltar with the Schengen area, which, as you know, is a key part of the agreement for us,” Gibraltar Attorney General Michael Llamas told the GBC in October. According to him, the negotiations cannot be called simple, since “everyone has his own problems and his own red lines.”

For example, London categorically disagreed with the prospect of deploying Spanish security forces in Gibraltar (if it joins the Schengen zone). Now the most likely option is to place employees of the EU Agency for the Security of External Borders (Frontex) at checkpoints.

Brussels is committed to finding solutions to eliminate physical checks at the border in order to guarantee the integrity of the Schengen area.

The same is said in London. British Ambassador to Spain Hugh Elliott said in an interview with El Periodico de Espana in October that the goal of all work is “to ensure the unhindered movement of people between Gibraltar and Spain in order to promote the prosperity of this area – Gibraltar and Campo de Gibraltar (an area in the Spanish province of Cadiz – “b” ). “This requires an innovative solution in terms of border control. Details are being worked out,” he added.

In addition, the diplomat agreed with the journalist’s suggestion that among the topics for discussion were aspects related to the location of the British military base in Gibraltar (for example, the question of how to control the movement of military personnel and the movement of military cargo into the Schengen area, in which, remember, the United Kingdom is not included).

Another controversial question is whether Gibraltar will join the jurisdiction of the Court of Justice of the European Union, which is necessary to create a fully integrated space. “Gibraltar is British, and I don’t see any role for the EU Court of Justice in this territory,” Boris Johnson said as British Prime Minister.

The UK opposes the prospect of deploying Spanish security forces in Gibraltar if it joins the Schengen area

Photo: Paul Hanna / Reuters

The UK opposes the prospect of deploying Spanish security forces in Gibraltar if it joins the Schengen area

Photo : Paul Hanna / Reuters

Speaking at the UN General Assembly this fall, Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez made it clear that Spain would do its utmost “to develop a prosperous socio-economic region covering the entire expanse and territory of Gibraltar. ” Meanwhile, no one is going to give up on a larger goal. As Spain’s permanent representative to the UN, Agustín Santos Maraver, confirmed in October, “Spain’s position on sovereignty and jurisdiction in Gibraltar” remains unchanged. Madrid still hopes that someday Gibraltar will be “decolonized”. That is, simply put, it will become Spanish.

However, the Spaniards can only hope that one day Gibraltar will lose its symbol – wild monkeys. After all, only in this case, according to ancient legend, Britain will have to abandon the last colony in Europe. But less fantastic options are not visible. It is impossible to imagine either a sharp, 180-degree change in the position of the Gibraltarians, or any forceful actions on the part of Spain.

And even direct clashes on other fronts are now impossible. So, in October, during the draw for the Euro 2024 qualifying football tournament, Spain and Gibraltar were in the same group. But they were not destined to meet on the football field – the organizers immediately moved Gibraltar to another group. As they say, stay away from sin.

Pavel Tarasenko

Madrid will not interfere with Brexit because of Gibraltar – DW – 11/24/2018

View of Gibraltar Photo: Regierung von Gibraltar/M. Moreno


Evgeny Zhukov

November 24, 2018

Madrid reached an agreement with Brussels on negotiations with London on Gibraltar after Brexit. Spain will be able to check and approve future arrangements regarding this British territory in advance.


Spain, the European Union and the United Kingdom have agreed on a process for further negotiations on Gibraltar. This was announced on Saturday, November 24, by Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez. Thus, the Gibraltar issue no longer stands in the way of holding an extraordinary EU summit on Brexit, scheduled for November 25, and agreeing on a package of agreements on the UK’s exit from the European Union.

According to diplomatic sources in Brussels, Spain will receive a number of guarantees from other EU countries, as well as the leadership of the European Union and the government in London, that Madrid will be able to study and approve future EU agreements with the UK regarding Gibraltar in advance.

Gibraltar as the final stumbling block

Previously, Pedro Sanchez repeatedly threatened to veto the Brexit package. The Gibraltar issue remained the latest major stumbling block on the way to the approval by the heads of state and government of the EU of the Brexit agreement with London and the political declaration on close economic and security cooperation between the EU and the UK after the latter’s withdrawal from the EU.

Gibraltar passed to Great Britain in 1713, after which Madrid repeatedly tried to return it. At the end of 19In the 1960s, Spain closed the border with Gibraltar due to disagreements, and completely opened it in 1985, before joining the European Economic Community – the predecessor of the EU.