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What is the volcano in lanzarote called: Discover the top volcanoes in Lanzarote

Опубликовано: January 19, 2023 в 6:00 am

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Категории: Miscellaneous

Geography of Lanzarote

Lanzarote, the northernmost and – together with Fuerteventura – also the easternmost of the Canary Islands, is located only 77 miles (125 kilometres) from the African mainland. It is the fourth largest island of the archipelago and 140,000 people live there.

Lanzarote is a contrasting island of volcanic origin, with largely predominating lava fields. It has a long history of eruptions and is often referred to as the ‘Island of the 1,000 volcanoes’, yet it is actually the least mountainous Canarian Island. The highest mount is the volcano Peñas del Chache near Haría in the northern part of the island, which is 2,198 ft (670 metres) above sea level. Its interior is reminiscent of a lunar landscape, covered with massifs and plains, dotted with small craters and cones and amorphous eruptive rock formations.

Of all the islands in the archipelago, Lanzarote is the most dominated by its dormant volcanic power. The amazing landscape that we see today is partly a result of the massive Timanfaya eruptions between 1730 and 1736 – the longest lasting and most powerful periods of volcanic activity ever known.

Two thirds of the island, including almost the whole southern part, were devastated creating a blackened, lifeless malpaís (badlands) of cinders, ash and lava. Naturally, the surface area of the island increased as a result of lava flows running into the sea.

Lanzarote’s volcanic history dates back long before this though with some of the oldest sediments believed to be from 60 million years ago when there was movement deep in the ocean, which permitted the Canaries to arise. It was from these ancient eruptions that Lanzarote was formed. The last explosions, that lasted only two months, took place in 1824.

The landscapes of Lanzarote clearly demonstrate the usual volcanic process of a single major cone creating a number of smaller cones all around as outlets for gases and liquids. Lanzarote also boasts some fine examples of lava tubes – one at almost 5 miles (7.5 kilometres) is considered one of the longest in the world. There are also large caverns formed by gas explosions, some of which have collapsed. All these natural wonders make for an excellent trip while on holiday and Spain-Lanzarote highly recommends you check out the fantastic Cueva de los Verdes and Jameos del Agua.

Although some eruptions on the island occurred thousands of years ago, the extremely dry climate and the erosion caused by strong winds explain the fact that vast badlands areas are still devoid of almost any vegetation.

Lanzarote also comprises the Chinijo archipelago, which consists of La Graciosa and the islets of Montaña Clara, Alegranza, Roque del Este and Roque del Oeste. Together with Lanzarote’s north coast, this archipelago forms a Nature Reserve.

This remarkable island needs to be seen to be fully appreciated. It is a great holiday destination all year-round, thanks to its superb climate. The intriguing landscape is fantastic to explore, the beaches are beautiful, the waters are pristine and the hotels luxurious… what are you waiting for?

Visit Volcanoes in Lanzarote – Things to do in the Canary Islands

Visit Volcanoes in Lanzarote. Does that sound tough and hard? Well, some of them are quite a bit of a climb. We have been there and done that so we have several different volcanoes that you can visit – and they have different difficulty levels. Find the one or the once that might suit you. Because where should you climb volcanoes if not in Lanzarote?!

Table of Contents

Visit Volcanoes in Lanzarote – different difficulties

So there are several volcanoes that you can visit while being in Lanzarote. A lot of people come to the island for the beaches but missing out on visiting the volcanoes would be a shame. The most famous and the most visited one is the Timanfaya National Park. Here you will ride in a bus and get a lot of information. But there are several volcanoes that you can visit for free and where you are allowed to climb and explore on your own.

Down below, you can read more about the several different volcanoes that we hiked during our visit to Lanzarote. There is something very peaceful about walking on the volcanic rock and seeing how different the landscape is here compared to other places.

Caldera Blanca – the largest volcanic crater in Lanzarote

If you want to visit volcanoes in Lanzarote, Caldera Blanca is a great way to start. It is a hard and long walk so be prepared to spend a few hours here. It takes quite some time (about an hour) to walk from the parking to the crater. Nature has been nice so there is a smaller crater that you can visit if you are not up for the “real” hike. Now it is very individual on what you find hard and strenuous. We are not in any way fit but we do walk a lot so we see ourselves as “regular people”.

We found this hike pretty hard. This is the first time where we had put real hiking boots on and we were glad that we did. Walking here in flipflops would be impossible! We decided to head straight for the Caldera Blanca and finally, we got to the rim. We sat down and just enjoyed the view for a while and then we noticed that there were people walking along the rim, getting to the highest point.

Getting to the highest point of Caldera Blanca

Ok, so first we thought that we had made it to the top and that we were not going to walk along the rim. But after a while, we decided that it would be cheating. If we have made it here – we might as well just go around the whole crater. Said and done! It was hard, I’m not gonna sugarcoat it. But at the same time, it is doable.

It took us a couple of hours but the feeling after we were done was like winning a marathon feels like (we imagine). This is a popular hiking place so be prepared to meet a lot of people. What you will notice, is that all the people that walk with “bad” shoes will turn around before they reach the crater. And this is one of the volcanoes where you really need steady shoes on your feet.

Information about Caldera Blanca

Address: Lanzarote.
Opening hours: Opened all the time.
Entrance fee: Free of charge.
Visiting time: At least 4 hours to go there and back.
Perfect for: People that are fit and are up for a great hike.
Skip it if you: Don’t have comfortable shoes or if you don’t like to walk a lot.  

The beautiful landscape of Lanzarote was featured in films such as Broken Embraces, When Dinosaurs Ruled the Earth, Moby Dick, as well as Doctor Who!

Timanfaya National Park

People in the hiking world might call this way of seeing a volcano, cheating. You are not allowed to walk around freely here. Once you arrive you have to get on a bus and then you will be taken around the volcanic national park by bus. It is a breathtaking visit and it is also the most popular on the island. If you want to visit the park on foot, you can hire a ranger that will show it to you. However, most people will just do the bus tour.

This place will also give you more than just a bus tour. Here you can see how the volcano is still so hot that it will burn bushes. Water will also be cascading from the holes where the guides pour water into the volcanic earth.

You can read all about our visit to the Timanfaya National Park here.
And don’t miss the restaurant where you can eat meat that is cooked over the volcanic heat!

Information about Timanfaya National Park

Address:Crta. de Yaiza a Tinajo (LZ 67), km 11, 35560 Tinajo, Lanzarote.
Opening hours: 09.00 – 17.00 daily.
Entrance fee: 10 euros per adult and that includes the bus ride.
Visiting time: About 1 to 2 hours.
Perfect for: Families traveling with children. People that want to get more information out of their visit then “just a hike”.
Skip it if you: Are one of those people that “hate” touristy places. This place is very popular and is most often crowded. 

The Timanfaya National Park is an UNESCO designated Biospheric Reserve. It is completely made up of volcanic soil and temperatures reach a scorching 600°C just 10 meters below the surface.

Volcan el Cuervo – An easy walk into the crater

This place is said to have been Jose Saramagos favorite place in Lanzarote. The Nobel prize winner used to come here and he even saved a piece of the volcano from here in his house. And it is easy to understand why he liked it so much. It is one of the volcanoes on the island that you have the easiest access to. This is also a volcano that allows you to go inside the crater.

A lot of other volcanoes will allow you to walk up on the rim of the crater, however, at the Volcan el Cuervo, there is a huge chunk missing and that gives you a great way to go into the heart of the crater. You can park the car pretty close to the volcano and then it is a nice and easy walk to the crater itself.

Dead and alive at the same time

My mind wandered straight to mars, or maybe some part from the movie “Planet of the Apes”. It feels like this place is both dead and at the same time very much alive. It’s a strange feeling and an awesome one. You are not allowed to climb the volcano so this place is visited by just walking into it. The colors here are magnificent – black, orange and different mixes of green in a great mix.

This is a place where you can see the lava flow and the share rocks. Well, you can see the old lava flow because the volcano is no longer active.

Information about Volcan el Cuervo

Address: Carretera LZ-56, 35570 La Asomada, Lanzarote.
Opening hours: This place is opened at all times.
Entrance fee: Free of charge.
Visiting time: 1 hour or more.
Perfect for: People that want to explore a volcano but that are not interested in going on a hike or getting exercise. Great for people that want to visit volcanoes in Lanzarote.
Skip it if you: If you are interested in hiking and getting your pulse high while climbing to the rim of a volcano. This place might be a bit to “easy for you”. 

It is not hard to understand why Lanzarote is called the island of 1 000 volcanoes. While that might not be true that there are a thousand volcanoes here, there are a lot!

Montana Negra – A 500-meter high volcano

Just across the street from the parking lot for the Volcan el Cuervo, is the much higher Montana Negra. Being 500 meters high and with a small crater, you can climb here and enjoy the view. This is a good way to see the Volcan el Cuervo from above. To climb this volcano is somewhat like climbing in the sand. Your feet will sink into the volcanic dirt and the hike becomes more and more steep with each step.

Once on the top, you might get confused because there are so many plants growing here. It almost doesn’t feel like a volcano but more like a field with a lot of vegetation. And with its location (in the middle of the island) you’ll get some really nice views over the whole island of Lanzarote.

Information about Montana Negra

Address: Carretera LZ-56, 35570 La Asomada, Lanzarote.
Opening hours: This place is opened at all times.
Entrance fee: Free of charge.
Visiting time: 2 – 3 hours.
Perfect for: People that want a challenge. There are several walkways to the top but they are all pretty strenuous. The reward is an amazing view.
Skip it if you: Don’t have the right hiking shoes or if you have some sort of walking disability. This is not the best of them, but a great place if you want to visit volcanoes in Lanzarote. 

This volcano has an incredible red color and that is also the main highlight of going here. The red color comes from oxidized iron and it is really spectacular to see. The hike to this volcano and back is considered easy and it is doable (compared to Caldera Blanca, for example).

The walk is about four kilometers long and it is a really nice walk there. You can admire the surroundings without having to look down and being afraid of stepping on something that may sprain your ankle. This is the easiest walk except for the Volcan el Cuervo.

A restaurant in Lanzarote prepares food on a volcano

A restaurant in Lanzarote prepares food on a volcano

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On one of the islands of the Canary archipelago, Lanzarote, in the El Diablo restaurant, chefs prepare food on a real active volcano.

The crater does not erupt boiling lava – the volcano is more like a huge barbecue, from which volcanic heat is emitted directly from the bowels of the earth.

Lanzarote is called “the island of fire-breathing mountains” because of its small area there are about three hundred volcanoes. But this does not prevent him from being one of the most popular resorts. Moreover, the last serious eruption in Lanzarote occurred in the XVIII century.

Built a restaurant on the territory of the Cesar Manrique volcano in 1970. The architects Eduardo Caceres and Jesus Soto surrounded the crater with stone, leaving a hole in it with a diameter of about 1.5 m. Thus, a large brazier was obtained, “working” in the heat of red-hot lava. After they began to cook national Canarian dishes on it, restaurant El Diablo instantly became one of the main attractions of the island.

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    Canary Island Lanzarote.

    Caldera Blanca is the largest volcano on the island.

    Original taken from alla_de in the Canary Island of Lanzarote. Caldera Blanca is the largest volcano on the island.

    Today we are going for a walk to the biggest volcano of the island called Caldera Blanca.

    01. So, we are going to the village of Mancha Blanca, because our interesting walk will start from there.

    02. Vineyards grow in places along the roads.

    03.

    04.

    05. This island has excellent roads!

    06.

    07. And here is our Mancha Blanca village.

    08. This is how our today’s route looks in the book. It starts in the western part of the village of Mancha Blanca.

    09. We leave the car in the parking lot (they are all free on the island) and go along the path.

    10. This photo was taken from one of the many information boards along the path. This is what the area looks like from above.

    11. In some places this path is framed by such stone walls. Sometimes you feel here not on the Canary Island, but on a local coal mine.

    12. These lava stones are light in weight and have a porous structure, as the lava boiled and seethed, and then froze with air pores inside. And when you take two pebbles and start rubbing them against each other, you hear a glassy sound.

    13.

    14. And even among this dead stone desert life is possible.

    15.

    16. That’s where we came from…

    17. … and that’s where we need to…

    18. And here are the local inhabitants of the island – Canarian lizards Gallotia atlantica. A huge number of them live here.

    19.

    20. Lawn with red lichen.

    21. We reached the neighboring volcano Montaña Caldereta. Let’s go upstairs and see what’s interesting there.

    22. The panorama of this volcano turned out to be a bit strange.

    23. And on the edge of the crater of this volcano, someone built a stone hut – a shelter for wanderers.

    24. Walking a little further, look back and admire the beautiful views…

    25. …for example, Montaña Tenezara volcano.

    26. Passed through a large pile of lava stones…

    27. A pile of solidified lava mess… the landscape of the island … for example, the neighboring volcano Montaña Caldereta, which we just visited.

    29. The same Montaña Caldereta volcano…

    30. Oh, these amazing Lanzarote expanses!

    31. Edge of the crater of the largest volcano.

    32. The crater is so big that, well, it just doesn’t fit into the lens!

    33. In the distance is the neighboring small island of Isla Graciosa.

    34. Having walked a little forward along the edge of the crater, we managed to take a nice photo, however, not everything fit again . .. but oh well, let’s move on …

    35. Edge of the crater.

    36. Some plants have grown very well both in the lava fields and in the stones on the crater…

    1824.

    38. Until 1730, when the great eruption began, the territory of Timanfaya consisted of numerous villages that produced crops.

    39. For six years these places were buried under heavy mounds of lava and ash. The island became exterminated, rich valleys and fertile plains were destroyed.

    40. Here is the border between two parks: Timanfaya National Park and Volcanoes National Park.

    41. And now, from left to right, let’s admire the Timanfaya park.

    42.

    43.

    44.

    45. From here you can also see Timanfaya station, where the tour buses leave, and there is also a wonderful restaurant.

    46. Thanks to the Caldera Blanca volcano, we got to know the Timanfaya park. It remains now to pay a visit to him, but more on that some other time. And now we have to go further…

    47. And this is the highest point of the volcano – 458 meters.

    48. A grandiose panorama opens from the top: fiery mountains in the south, Mancha Blanca and Tinajo villages in the east, Risco de Famara rock in the northeast.

    49. Now the path leads us downhill.

    50. This volcanic structure is colossal. The diameter of the crater is about 1 km.

    51. Because of its unique lunar landscape, Lanzarote is an exceptionally popular tourist destination. People from all over the world come here to see the hundreds of craters that make up this volcanic island.

    52.

    53.

    54. Caldera Blanca is surrounded by black lava.

    55. Lanzarote – a picturesque island in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean.

    56.

    57. Runned …

    58.